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  • సంగీత జ్ఞ్యానము భక్తివినా సన్మార్గము గలదే ఓ మనసా - త్యాగరాజస్వామి.
  • कला क्या है ? यह इंसान की रचनात्मक आत्मा की यथार्थ के पुकार के प्रति प्रतिक्रिया है. - रबिन्द्रनाथ टैगोर ||
  • आत्मा का संगीत ब्रह्माण्ड द्वारा सुना जा सकता है||संगीत दो आत्माओं के बीच के अनंत को भरता है. – रबिन्द्रनाथ टैगोर ||
  • నాదోపాసన చే శంకర, నారాయణ విదులు వెలసిరి ఓ మనసా - త్యాగరాజస్వామి.
  • ప్రాణా ఆనాలా సమ్యోగము వలన ప్రణవ నాదమే సప్తస్వరములై బరగే - త్యాగరాజస్వామి.
  • నాభి హృత్ ఖంఠ రసనాదుల యందు శోభిల్లు సప్తస్వర - త్యాగరాజస్వామి
  • “Music is the mediator between the spiritual and the sensual life.” ― Ludwig van Beethoven
  • “We're deaf men working as musicians; we play the music but we can't hear it.” ― Sebastian Faulks, Engleby
  • “Music is my religion.” ― Jimi Hendrix
  • తను మనము లన్నియు నాదము, తనువున నరముల సవ్వడి నాదమయం, ఈ కాయమున ప్రవహించు ప్రతి ద్రవము నాదరసమేకదా.
  • Music creates, improves and visualize your mind. We request all are welcome to join and learn singing.
  • Sa Shadja (षड्ज) six-born peacock mūlādhāra मूलाधार (base of spine) Ganapati
  • Re Rishabha (ऋषभ) bull Bull svādhiṣṭhāna स्वाधिष्ठान (genitals) Agn
  • Ga Gandhara (गान्धार) sky goat maṇipūra मणिपूर (solar plexus and navel) Rudra (Shiva)
  • Ma Madhyama (मध्यम) middle dove/heron anāhata अनाहत (heart) Vishnu
  • Pa Panchama (पञ्चम) fifth cuckoo/nightingale viśuddha विशुद्ध (throat) Naarada
  • Dha Dhaivata (धैवत) earth Horse ājñā आज्ञा (third eye) Sadasiva (Shiva as the unmanifest, precursor to creation)
  • Ni Nishadam (निषाद) hunter elephant sahasrāra सहस्रार (crown of the head) Surya (Sun)
  • vīṇāvādana tattvajñaḥ śrutijātiviśāradaḥ tālajñaścāprayāsena mokṣamārgaṃ niyacchati
  • కర్ణాటక సంగీతమనగా చెవిలోని కర్ణభేరికి వచ్చిచేరే ఇంపైన శబ్దముల సముదాయము.
  • All one's life is music, if one touches the notes right and in time. -John Ruskin.
  • किसी बच्चे की शिक्षा अपने ज्ञान तक सीमित मत रखिये, क्योंकि वह किसी और समय में पैदा हुआ है.
  • సమాచారం జ్ఞానం కాదు, జ్ఞానం వివేకం కాదు, వివేకం నిజం కాదు, నిజం సౌందర్యం కాదు, సంగీతం మాత్రమే నిజం.
  • Learning to trust is one of life’s most difficult tasks.
  • ఎక్కడైతే మాటల్లో పదాలు మూగబోతాయో అక్కడే సంగీతం ప్రారంభమవుతుంది.
  • “ Music is ... A higher revelation than all Wisdom & Philosophy ”- Ludwig van Beethoven
  • कला में व्यक्ति खुद को उजागर करता है कलाकृति को नहीं.
  • "నిశ్శబ్దం తరువాత, మాటల్లో చెప్పడానికి వీలుకాని వ్యక్తీకరణకు సమీపంలో సంగీతం ఉంది."
  • “The only escape from the miseries of life are music. and Music is the universal language of mankind.”
  • సంగీతం ఆత్మ యొక్క వెల్లడిలో ఉంది, సంగీతం మానవజాతి సార్వత్రిక భాష.
  • भरोसा करना सीखना जीवन के सबसे कठिन कार्यों में से एक है।
  • Love music, drink music, eat music think in music enjoy the music it is a grate magic- Parthasarathy
  • సంగీతం ఆత్మయొక్క భాష, రహస్యమైన బాధల్ని బహిర్గతంచేసి, జీవితంలో శాంతిని నింపుతుంది, కలహాల్నిరద్దుచేస్తుంది.
  • Music washes away from the soul the dust of everyday life.
  • నా అన్న మనుషులు ఎవరూ నాతో లేక పోయినా సంగీతం నా అంతరాత్మ గా నిలిచింది.
  • उच्चतम शिक्षा वो है जो हमें सिर्फ जानकारी ही नहीं देती बल्कि हमारे जीवन को समस्त अस्तित्व के साथ सद्भाव में लाती है.
  • “ The music is not in the notes, but in the silence between.” - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
  • "क्योंकि यह लोगों को बदल सकते हैं संगीत दुनिया को बदल सकते हैं."
  • “Music can change the world because it can change people.”
  • సౌండ్ అండ్ వేవ్స్ ఈస్ ఫిజిక్స్, ఇన్నర్ ఫీలింగ్స్ ఆర్ కెమిష్ట్రీ, లయ అండ్ ఇట్స్ కంట్రోల్ ఈస్ మథమాటిక్స్
  • బ్రెత్ కంట్రోల్ అండ్ పోస్చెర్ ఆఫ్ సిట్టింగ్ ఈస్ మెడిటేషన్, లిరిక్స్ ఆర్ లిటరేచర్ ఇలా సకల శాస్త్రాల సమాహారం సంగీత శాస్త్రం.
MUSICAL EVENTS
  • Upcoming Students concerts started who ever interested please contact us : 7893312636 or Send mail to smetmusic@gmail.com
  • Send or mail us your musical events information to 7893312926 / smetmusic@gmail.com
Up Coming Events

Dear Music lovers we teaching vocal music classes through"Amruta Music Academy". We are also going to start again our Quarterly Music concert on the auspicious day "UGADI"

Vageeyakarulu
Musicians
Testimonial

Dear Sir Pardhasaradhi garu We are proud to associate with Sarani Music trust. We are very enjoiying your class the way you teaching. We will be with you always to promote the activities of the trust. Thanking you

Madhavi & Bhat

Sir, pardasaradigaru, this is d.s.k.sarma from vsp sir how will meet you this is is phone no.

dsanthoshkumarsarma

I am very proud to be associate with www.saaranimusic.org its a grate service to the world or music. I personally thanking Sri Pardhasaradhi about his dedication towards his contribution.

Sujatha - Infosis

Namaskaram Sri Kolanka Venkataraju garu is known as great mridangist Bust he is good sculpture. In chikkadapally, Hyderbad sri tyagaraja swamy statue made by sri venkata raju garu.

srinivasa rao

Hello Guruji Namaskaaram, I am very happy to see the website and it is a grate job and educating in music. Like this nobody not doing any thing. As a member my daughter has become a student and associate with Saarani Muaic Educational Trust happy and proud to inform to my near and dear. I am also going to become a big donor for the cause of music to our Trust

PV Varadarajan IPS-Chennai

I was lucky to have Guru as wonderful as you are. Wishing you a Teachers Day that's full of joyous moments!

Yasaswi Nandavareek

The way you teach..The knowledge you share.. The care you take..The love you shower.. Makes you..The world's best teacher.. Happy Teacher's Day

Satya Yamini, Bhuvan Kruti

Dear Teacher, Thank You For Continually Inspires me to do my best You help me strive for goals, I found guidance, friendship, discipline and love, everything, in one person. And that person is you Happy Teacher's Day

Sathish,Ravi,Sai,Charan

Dear teacher, Thanks for supporting and enlightening all my way.If only I could have your blessing for a lifetime, I would succeed the way I have done always. Have a wonderful Teachers Day.

Damini & Mounima

Mr. Parthasarathy worked as a producer in our team i know him personally. I proud to say it is a grate honer to our organisation to have such a grate person in our team.

Associated Media Company.

Online tuition through live video chat devices is becoming a popular medium of learning Indian classical music and instruments in the Western world and beyond Many foreign students are either professional musicians in their own countries, or trying to establish themselves in the world of music and dance. An American says he is learning ragas "from Parthasarathy with a view to improvising and using it whenever I can in jazz. It'll give me an edge". Youthful Parthasarathy at his home town Hyderabad quickly established himself in classical singing. Today he is a leading online teacher of classical singing. He works alongside a group of teachers to impart training to eager students overseas. India once had a great tradition of disciples learning at the feet of their gurus. That tradition seems to have been revived - in virtual world - thanks to technology.

International Channel news

Dear Guruvugaaru Parthasarathi garu Namaskaram. Sir you are really grate sir. Your website is very informative and excellent. As a music director i proudly announce you are my one of guru. I wish you all the best and hope you will bring many students like me.

Gantadi Krishna- Music Director

Dear Parthasarathy You are doing a grate job. As a colleague in music teacher training course i learn so many raga's and many things about music. I support you and i wish you all the best to your trust worthy job. As a music director i am proud to announce that you are one of my best friend.

KM Radhakrishnan-Music Director

ఈ గురు పౌర్ణమి మీవంటి గురువులకి సుభాన్ని చేకూర్చి ఆనందాన్ని ఐశ్వర్యాన్ని ఇచ్చి మరింత మంది శిష్యులను తయారు చెయతానికి శక్తిని కలిగించాలని, ఎంతోమంది మీ ఆశీర్వాదాన్ని పొందాలని కోరుతూ మీ

Sahiti, Yasaswi, Ganesh etc.

This is a very good Website that all kinds music related people information is available hear. I appreciate Mr.Partha sarathy is doing a grate service to the world of Telugu music people. I wish you all the best to the team and i am proud to announce Mr.Partha Sarathy will be honored greatly.

Sasipreetam-Musicdirector

మీరు సంగీత లోకానికి గర్వకారణం. కళారంగం లోనివారందరికీ ఆదర్శం, నిజమైన గురువు ఏమి ఆశించడని, అది మీరూపంగా తలుస్తూ మీ ఈ సేవ ప్రపంచ వ్యాప్తి కావలని కొరుతూ...........

Siva Prasad - Chirala

Dear friends, Mr.Parthasarathy N Ch famous guru. He is a grate performer and scholarly musician. His style of training is extraordinary in each and every aspect. He is providing free music training classes through Saarani Music Educational Trust. The classes are conducting at Vijaypuri Bhavan, Behind Reliance Petrol Bunk, Vijaypuri Colony, Kothapet, Hyderabad. Please send your children they will improve singing as well as many other useful aspects.

Sri K. Ramachary (LMA)

This Site is very informative and good for music students. People can add your testimonials and give kind suggestions to us.

Paramita - Student

అనేకమంది విద్యార్థులకు సంగీతాన్ని ఇలా చేరువ చేయడం మీవంటి వారికే సాధ్యం ఎందుకంటే భగవంతుడు ఆసించకుండా సేవచెసే మనసు ఇచ్చాడు. మీ సారణి సంగీతవిద్యా మరియు సేవాసంస్థ మరింత అభివృద్ధిచెంది అనేకమంది విద్యార్థులకు సంగీత అక్షయపాత్రకావాలని ఆశిస్థూ మీ కార్యక్రామాలకి నావంతు సహకారం ఎప్పుడూ వుంటుందని తెలుపుతూ.

రామక్రిష్ణ దేవరకొ

Guru Vakyam Mantra moolam guru vakyam it is said. This means the words of the Guru are to be taken as sacred mantra. Partha Sarathy was one of the most progressive and liberal minded Gurus that one could have the good fortune to meet. He had the unique ability of being able to convey the most profound philosophical concepts thru simple and everyday parables and examples. This series will attempt to reproduce some of Partha sarathy's own words and sayings on various matters regarding Music with meditation, spirituality, bhakti and sadhna, etc..

Akkiraju Vijayalakshmi

सरीमाना पार्था सारथ्य जी आप सारानी म्युज़िक ट्रस्ट से बहुथ अच्चा काम करराहा है | उचिता संगीत सिक्षना करना आज कल बहुथ मुश्कील है | मै तो आप का वेबसैट देखी ती | मै आपका ट्रस्ट को नाम पे चेक भेजा | भविस्यमे हमारा संपूर्ण सहकार ,सहायता आपके साथ है ||

सुनन्दा सेखर - न्यू

I appreciate your non-profit music education trust. encourage them and expose them to more music and greatly admire your efforts to provide music programs to children at your trust.

Sandeep Narayan

Dear Sri Parthasarathy guruji We are aware of doing the service of the SAARANI music trust. We are there with you and happy to give our full support to the activities of the trust. Not only an artist you have proved yourself as grate teacher, guru, performer, orator in music.

Madhav

అద్భుతంగా కచేరీ చేయటంతో పాటు, సంగీతాన్ని ఉచితంగా నేర్పించి శిష్యులను తయారు చేయటం లో N.C.పార్థసారథి వారధి లాగా పనిచేస్తున్న అతనికి మంచి భవిష్యత్తు కలిగి ఈ సేవ ద్వార మరింత మంచి పేరురావాలని ఆకాంక్షిస్తూ....

Sugnan - Vignanasamiti

గురువుగారు నమస్కారం మీ దయవల్ల నేను సర్టిఫికెట్ పరీక్షలో ప్రధమశ్రేణి లో పాస్అయ్యాను. ఇప్పుదు నేను US Pittsburgh లొ వుంటున్నా మీ వెబ్సైట్ చూసాను.'సారణీ' నాలాంటి సంగీత విద్యార్ధులైన మరింతమందికి నిలయమవ్వాలని కోరుతూ....

దీప్తి బోయిన

నమస్కారం పార్థసారథి గారు ఎంతోమంది ఎక్కువగా ఫీజు తీసుకుంటున్న ఈ రోజుల్లో మీరు చేస్తున్న ఈ సంగీత సేవ ముఖ్యంగా శాస్త్రీయ సంగీతానికి అద్వితీయమై అనిర్వచనీయమై అందరికీ మార్గదర్సకమవాలని అభిలాషిస్తూ మీ వెన్నంటి వుంటామని ప్రొత్సహిస్తూ....

జి.రాఘవేంద్రరావ్ -

"SAARANI"cultural trust has been formed with an aim to promote Indian classical music and dance amongst youth. The organization has been started in 2010 and has since then teaching free music training and conducting several programs including music competitions, Thyagaraja aradhana festival and so on. We welcome your contribution for the cause. The profound objectives of “SAARANI” can be transformed into a beautiful reality only with your whole heated participation co-operation and support. Kindly strengthen our hands by contributing towards the corpus.

Member of the Trust.

దైవమైన చూపలేడు మంచి గురువుని - మంచి గురువైతే చూపగలడు దేవదేవుని - గురుబ్రహ్మః గురువిష్ణుః గురుదేవో మహేశ్వరః అన్నట్లు మీ ఈ సేవ ప్రపంచ వ్యాప్తము కావాలని ఆశిస్తూ,ఆశీర్వదిస్తూ....

సూరిబాబు, విజయవాడ

మా గురువుగారి తమ్ముడి కుమారుడు, నా బంధువైన నల్లాన్ చక్రవర్తుల పార్థసారథి చేస్తున్న ఈ సేవ తెలుగు సంగీతలోకానికే మైలురాయికావాలని ఆశిస్తూ, ఆశిర్వదిస్తూ... మరింతమంది తెలుగువారు అతనికి హార్థికంగా, ఆర్థికంగా ప్రొత్సాహాన్ని ఇవ్వగలరని కోరుతూ......

Ramanujam-Srirangam

Dear Parthasarathy, This is a very good site. Somebody referred this to me and to my astonishment, this is designed with the aim of upholding the dignity of music. Long live this site and your service.

Modudi Sudhaker

This class is very interesting and me as a daughter of Parthasarathi, sir i am feeling very happy I am not feeling like a daughter but as a student I am learning so-many useful things for my singing and SMET is my favorite place ever i visited so I as a student i am very fortunate SWARA... SAARANI..

Saarani N.C

Respected Parthasarathy sir, We, as parents of Bhavana feel that it is our lucky to step into SMET. We thank u for giving an opportunity to Bhavana to be a part of this prestigious academy.

Srinivas

Dear Parthasarathy garu, It is indeed a great achievement for us released an Audio C.D. "Bhagavata Geyamaalika" with your melodious voice and all your support and guidance. It is all happened because of your blessings, hope you would extend the same co-operation in future also. We wish you all success for a grate service to world of music. Thanks once again

JBT Sundari-Vijag

Respected Parthasarathy sir, We, as parents of Sreeja feel that it is our poorva janma sukrutham to step into SMET.We thank u for giving an opportunity to Sreeja to be a part of this prestigious academy.

Madhavi

Dear Parthasarathy Sir, The INSPIRATION program was really a good delight to eyes and ears. Children got motivated as well as parents. We all were overwhelmed with joy to be a part of it as SMET members. Parents are lucky to be blessed with a marvellous & wonderful kids. We thank u very much sir for giving us such kind of opportunities.

Harini Paidipalli

Dear Parthasarathy garu, The INSPIRATION programme was really a good delight to eyes and ears. Children got motivated as well as parents. We all were overwhelmed with joy to be a part of it as SAARANI members. ADITYA's parents are lucky to be blessed with a marvelous & wonderful kid. we thank u very much sir for giving us opportunity to have a glimpse of good & well brought up child who inspired lots and lots of people. MAY GOD BLESS him in his future endeavors

- Jaya Ramanath

My beloved Student Chi Parthasarathy is doing a grate service to the world of Music. I wish him all the best and success. Kindly come and support all musicians and music lovers.

Sri D.Sehachary - Hyd-Bros.

డియర్ ఫార్థసారథి గారు మీరు చేస్తున్న ఈ కళాసేవ అద్భుతం అనిర్వచనీయం, నాకు సంగీతం అంటే ప్రాణం, ఇంకా మరెందరో గాయనీ గాయకులను తీర్చిదిద్దాలని అశిస్తూ.....

Ravi Pendekanti

Hi everybody, I would like to share my feelings with all of you. Recently we attended my nephew's marriage. In that function," when the bride's parents are sending their daughter to bridegroom's house", Chy.Manaswini sang "AMMA DONGA NINNU CHOODAKUNTE....." song. She sang very nicely and we are very happy that u are doing a grate service to the world of music

Prabhaker - USA

ABOUT MRIDANGAM AND ITS PARTSBack

Shape(Structure): Mridangam is a hallow double headed barrel (synonymous: cylindrical)
but broad at the center and gradually taper at both sides. The broad portion called "Arada" is normally placed at 1 ½ inches to the left side from the center. The thickness of the hallow wood must be 1 inch at the mouth of both sides. Some prefer ¾ to ⅜ of an inch. The proper sound and the "Karvai" (good length of vibration and Octave) depend on the thickness of the wood at both sides. If the thickness level is optimum, the quality of sound will be optimum.


Size: The length of "Thagu Shruthi mridangam" between the Karanai and thopi can be 24 inches to 26 inches. 24 inches is preferred. Diameter of the Karanai can be 6 ½ to 7 inches and proportionately thopi can be 7 to 7 ½ inches. The circumference of the center portion of the wood "Arada" can be 36 to 37 inches and its diameter is 12 to 12.5 inches.

The length of "Sthaayi Shruthi mridangam" can be 22 inches. Some prefer 20 or 21 inches. The circumference of the center portion of the wood "Arada" must be at least 33 inches and its diameter is 11 inches. Some prefer 36 inches and its diameter is 12 inches. The diameter of Karanai is 6 inches to 6 ½ (6 ½ is commonly used) and proportionately thopi can be 6 ½ to 7.

It is important to note that, when the diameter of the wooden mouth is high, the pitch is Low and Vice versa.

What are the parts of mridangam?
1. Wooden part (some use Fibre-Glass)
2. Molded leathers called "Mootu"
3. Leather Straps or Rope with high working load type. Sail ropes or boat ropes that has high working load (withstanding capacity) measured in "lbs" (strength in pounds) are used. More the "lbs" the better. The thickness of the rope must be at least 5mm ( around 316 inch) and maximum 6mm ( around ¼ inch). 6mm is better.
4. The right side of mridangam is called "Karanai" or "Valanthalai" (also known as Right Head)
5. The Left side of mridangam is called "Thoppi" or "Idanthalai" (also known as Left Head)
6. The center Portion in the wood is called "Arada".

1. Wooden part of the mridangam can be made from five kinds of trees. It is collectively known as "Pancharatna trees". They are Jack tree, coconut tree, Margosa tree, Sandal tree and Blackwood tree. The most preferred tree (wood) is "Jack Wood" as it is more fibrous in its structure, has less pores in it and also that, it is not affected by climatic changes (if seasoned). If the wood is affected due to climatic changes, mridangam will have an undesirable effect on Pitch and sound. The wood must be selected with care. There should not be any holes, cracks, joints or small round plugs called "Suzhi". The tree must be ripe and well seasoned. Only seasoned wood will withstand climatic changes.

Please Note: Nowadays cutting Jack Tree (Jack Wood) is banned in Tamilnadu. Is there any substitute? Is there any wood that is excellent in its structure and economical? Yes, there is a wood known as "Kodukkapuli Wood", which is available in plenty. My Guru Dr.T.V. Gopalakrishnan recommends this wood for all musical instruments especially mridangam. Lack of publicity and know-how and source of procuring the wood is the fundamental cause of this wood being not popular among mridangists. At least from now, let mridangists switch over to this wood for making mridangams. The advantages of "Kodukkapuli" wood are:

1. Texture of this wood is excellent, i.e., Fine-grained texture.
2. The wood can be carved and shaped when it is raw and no seasoning is required before making the barrel. It seasons itself in six months to one year and changes its colour from whitish grey to a beautiful brown hue.
4. The wood is slightly heavier than jack wood hence, the tonal colour (sound pitch and vibration tone) is excellent.
5. The rims maintain shape better and longest than other woods.
6. The wood seasons without distortion.
7. It is very much economical.

Note: In Ancient days mridangam was made of Clay. Mrid means clay and angam means body. So, mrid+angam is mridangam (Clay Body). Due to the depreciation of clay in terms of durability and quality, mridangists started using wood which is highly reliable at any point of time. Since, it has become difficult now a days in getting a seasoned wood, a modern fibre-glass version known as Balarama Mridangam was designed in recent years. As a mark of research by many in the field, fibre body was tried and Umayalpuram K.Sivaraman (UKS) improvised and developed prototype for Fibre-Glass mridangam which is no less than wooden mridangam. He has introduced the fibre glass mridangam to Carnatic music for the first time, improvised a mechanical jig to eliminate human error in the moulding (molding) of skins for both sides of the instrument and has done research work on tanned and untanned skins for the mridangam. His analysis of the ingredients of the black patch ("Soru") has given much insight on the overtones produced by different strokes on the mridangam. Rohan Krishnamurthy, Disciple of Shri.Guruvayur Durai has made mridangam with bolts and nuts combined with traditional woven ropes.
2. Molded leather ( Untanned skins) are fixed on right side and left side of mridangam.
How are the molds made?
There are three layers on the right side called a). Vettu Thatu b). Kottu Thatu C). Utkara thatu. The leathers are made of Goat and Cow skin (Cowhide). Vettu Thatu known as "meetu" is made of Calf-Hide (Cowhide) and it is visible. Kottu Thatu (middle layer) is made of Goat Skin and it is partially visible. A Black Patch Called "Saadham" or "Soru" is fixed on this Kottu Thatu that produces "Chaapu Nadham". What is this Black Patch? It is an ultra fine powder that has iron ore and some manganese oxide in it and is mixed with cooked rice to a particular proportion (usually 3:1), three parts of powder and 1 part of cooked rice, is applied on the Middle layer "kottu Thattu". This proportion varies depending on the status and quality of the powder. It must be mixed in such a way that the black patch paste is neither too gummy nor dry. After applying the paste, it must be dried inside a room and it should not be exposed to sunlight. Let it dry at least for two days. In the fast moving world, people use mridangam soon after applying the paste. The third layer Utkara Thatu is not visible outside and it is placed below the Kottu Thatu. This third layer is like a ring with the hallow center and has direct contact with wood. So, the Outer two layers will not touch the wood enabling one to produce soothing pleasant vibration and sound.

The left side Mootu called "thoppi" is made of three layers again. The leathers are made of Buffalo skins and Goat skin. The outer layers are two buffalo skins (two layers) placed one after the other like a ring with the hallow center and the second layer is not visible. The third layer which is the innermost one, visible at the center of thoppi is Goat Skin and is tied below the second layer. The third layer will have a contact with the wood, producing Sound called "Thom". Only in this layer Semolina paste or rava paste is added at the center to produce pleasing sound. Only then it produces proper Bass sound and "Andhara gandhara sound".

Note:
Cowhide is an essential element in mridangam. With the cow-slaughter ban, great mridangam players like Umayalpuram k. Sivaraman, Murthy, Karaikudi Mani and TVG gave a thought for a substitute material. Sivaraman suggested importing synthetic materials and TVG suggested importing cow hide. Mani, insists: "Only those cows are killed that are old and are of no use." Sivaraman said "Cows are not killed for making mridangams. They are slaughtered anyway and we merely use the hide". General opinion is that Mridangam cant be sans (without) cowhide. The ban can slaughter its sound. Carnatic music may not sound the same as before. Anyways, experiment may be needed in this regard and let us see if mridangam can sound great without Cowhide.

Mridangam can be of two kinds. One is "Kutchi" and the other is "kappi".
Kutchi mridangam: Small strips are made from a type of tree plant that is also used for making brooms. These strips are inserted between the Vettu thattu and Kottu thattu which increases the dampening effect that acts as a snare. This helps one to produce a unique chaapu nadham with great vibration.
Kappi mridangam: Crushed stones from a variety called Kittam or Chittam is used and placed under the Vettu thattu so that it produces a distinct Chaapu Nadham similar to tabla sound but with great vibration.
Note: Mridangam uses single resonator while Tabla uses two resonators. In tabla, the tension of the right and left heads is separate. In mridangam, the left head (Idanthalai) and the right head (Valanthalai) are inseparably linked. The tension of right and left sides of mridangam is inseparable. Since mridangam uses single resonator, it produces an acoustic coupling between the two heads (right head and left head). Instead of using straps (leather or Rope) to fix the right and the left heads, bolt and nuts are used to fix the right and the left head. The tension of both sides become separate, but there is an acoustic coupling of both sides in terms of sound produced because, mridangam body is made of single block of wood or fibre with "Arada" at the center where as tabla uses two separate body or shell for right and left heads.

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